Recycling sawmilling wood chips, biomass combustion residues, and tyre fibres into cement-bonded composites: Properties of composites and life cycle analysis
Journal article, 2021

This study investigated the properties and sustainability of cement-bonded composites containing industrial residues such as wood chips, tyre fibres and biomass combustion residues, i.e. bottom ash (BA) and fly ash (FA). The effect of cement-to-raw material (wood/tyre fibre) ratio (C/RM) and the aggregate content (BA and FA) on thermal and mechanical properties of the composites were investigated. Scanning electron microscopy (SEM) and life cycle analysis (LCA) were also conducted. The results revealed that as the aggregate content increased in wood composites, the mechanical properties also increased. The mean thermal conductivity and volumetric heat capacity of tyre composite samples were 0.37 W/mK and 1.2 MJ/m3K respectively, while the respective values for wood composite samples were 0.29 W/mK and 0.81 MJ/m3K. SEM analysis showed adequate bonding between wood/tyre fibres and cement matrix. LCA revealed that the materials share of the total primary energy use was about 60% for all analysed composites.

Fly ash

Bottom ash

Cement construction products

Thermal conductivity




Stephen O. Amiandamhen

Linnaeus University

Stergios Adamopoulos

Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences (SLU)

Bijan Adl-Zarrabi

Chalmers, Architecture and Civil Engineering, Building Technology

Haiyan Yin

RISE Research Institutes of Sweden

Joakim Norén

RISE Research Institutes of Sweden

Construction and Building Materials

0950-0618 (ISSN)

Vol. 297 123781

Subject Categories

Wood Science

Polymer Technologies

Composite Science and Engineering



More information

Latest update

7/5/2021 1