Effective drag on spheres immersed in a fluidized bed at minimum fluidization—Influence of bulk solids properties
Journal article, 2023

The aims of this work are to elucidate the effects that bulk solids properties have on the effective drag experienced by large spheres immersed in an emulsion of group-B solids under minimum fluidization conditions and to analyze the ways in which the different suspensions react towards different applied shear rates. To investigate this, magnetic particle tracking was applied to resolve the trajectory of falling-sphere measurements in which the size, density, and sphericity of the bulk solids were varied as well as the size and density of the spherical tracers. The resulting experimental scope included both rising and sinking tracers as well as full segregation and in-bed stagnation of the tracers. The set-up provided highly resolved tracer trajectories, from which the drag experienced by the sphere can be calculated. For sinking tracers, the results showed that an increase in bulk solids size, angularity, and density reduced the terminal velocity of the sphere. This effect correlated well with the bed expansion and Hausner ratio, indicating that a reduced void space among the bulk solids is the main reason for the increase in motion resistance. At lower shear rates, namely, during the de-acceleration towards the stagnant state, beds of larger, more angular, or denser bulk solids yield lower levels of shear stress. The angle of repose of the bulk solids correlated with the rate at which the emulsion thins with increasing shear rate. For rising tracers, shear stress did not show any significant dependency on the properties of the bulk solids.

effective viscosity

gas–solids flow

fluidized bed

drag force



Diana Carolina Guío-Pérez

Chalmers, Space, Earth and Environment, Energy Technology

Anna Köhler

Chalmers, Space, Earth and Environment, Energy Technology

Anna Prati

Free University of Bozen-Bolzano

David Pallarès

Chalmers, Space, Earth and Environment, Energy Technology

Filip Johnsson

Chalmers, Space, Earth and Environment, Energy Technology

Canadian Journal of Chemical Engineering

0008-4034 (ISSN) 1939019x (eISSN)

Vol. 101 1 210-226

Enhanced performance in thermal conversion of biomass

Swedish Energy Agency (38347-2), 2017-05-02 -- 2019-10-30.

Subject Categories

Food Engineering

Other Materials Engineering

Condensed Matter Physics



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1/4/2023 1