A comparison between PMBM Bayesian track initiation and labelled RFS adaptive birth
Paper in proceeding, 2022

This paper provides a comparative analysis between the adaptive birth model used in the labelled random finite set literature and the track initiation in the Poisson multi-Bernoulli mixture (PMBM) filter, with point-target models. The PMBM track initiation is obtained via Bayes' rule applied on the pre-dicted PMBM density, and creates one Bernoulli component for each received measurement, representing that this measurement may be clutter or a detection from a new target. Adaptive birth mimics this procedure by creating a Bernoulli component for each measurement using a different rule to determine the probability of existence and a user-defined single-target density. This paper first provides an analysis of the differences that arise in track initiation based on isolated measurements. Then, it shows that adaptive birth underestimates the number of objects present in the surveillance area under common modelling assumptions. Finally, we provide numerical simulations to further illustrate the differences.

adaptive birth

Random finite sets

multiple target tracking

Poisson multi-Bernoulli mixtures

track initiation


Angel Garcia

Nebrija University

University of Liverpool

Yuxuan Xia

Nebrija University

University of Liverpool

Lennart Svensson

Chalmers, Electrical Engineering, Signal Processing and Biomedical Engineering

2022 25th International Conference on Information Fusion, FUSION 2022

978-1-6654-8941-6 (ISBN)

25th International Conference on Information Fusion, FUSION 2022
Linkoping, Sweden,

Subject Categories

Probability Theory and Statistics

Signal Processing

Computer Vision and Robotics (Autonomous Systems)



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