Blood metabolite profiles linking dietary patterns with health—Toward precision nutrition
Review article, 2023

Diet is one of the most important exposures that may affect health throughout life span. Investigations on dietary patterns rather than single food components are gaining in popularity because they take the complexity of the whole dietary context into account. Adherence to such dietary patterns can be measured by using metabolomics, which allows measurements of thousands of molecules simultaneously. Derived metabolite signatures of dietary patterns may reflect the consumption of specific groups of foods or their constituents originating from the dietary pattern per se, or the physiological response toward the food-derived metabolites, their interaction with endogenous metabolism, and exogenous factors such as gut microbiota. Here, we review and discuss blood metabolite fingerprints of healthy dietary patterns. The plasma concentration of several food-derived metabolites—such as betaines from whole grains and n − 3 polyunsaturated fatty acids and furan fatty acids from fish—seems to consistently reflect the intake of common foods of several healthy dietary patterns. The metabolites reflecting shared features of different healthy food indices form biomarker panels for which specific, targeted assays could be developed. The specificity of such biomarker panels would need to be validated, and proof-of-concept feeding trials are needed to evaluate to what extent the panels may mediate the effects of dietary patterns on disease risk indicators or if they are merely food intake biomarkers. Metabolites mediating health effects may represent novel targets for precision prevention strategies of clinical relevance to be verified in future studies.





healthy dietary patterns


Stefania Noerman

Chalmers, Life Sciences, Food and Nutrition Science

Rikard Landberg

Chalmers, Life Sciences, Food and Nutrition Science

Journal of Internal Medicine

0954-6820 (ISSN) 1365-2796 (eISSN)

Vol. 293 4 408-432

Subject Categories

Food Science

Environmental Health and Occupational Health

Nutrition and Dietetics





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7/7/2023 7