On the possibility of the space-dependence of the stability indicator (decay ratio) of a BWR
Journal article, 2005
A model is proposed for the explanation of the space-dependence of the so-called decay ratio (DR) which is used to quantify the stability properties of boiling water reactors (BWRs). The study was prompted by the observation of a strongly space-dependent decay ratio in an instability event at the Swedish Forsmark-1 BWR. Prior to that event, the space-dependence of the DR was neither observed, nor assumed possible in the theoretical models of instability. The model proposed here is based on a previous suggestion by one of the authors on how to model the estimation of the DR in case of two different types of oscillations (instabilities) being present in the core simultaneously. The model was earlier only used in a space-independent form, but here its applicability is extended such that space-dependence of the oscillations is also accounted for, by using a noise simulator. The investigations show that the DR, as determined by the individual LPRMs (neutron detectors) at different positions, can be strongly space-dependent if at least two different oscillations with differing DR and space-dependence exist in the core simultaneously. The observed space-dependence of the DR in the Forsmark case can be reconstructed by the model.