From tacit knowledge to visual expertise: Eye-tracking support in maritime education and training
Paper in proceeding, 2020

The maritime pilot is an expert with knowledge on a specific navi- gational route. The maritime pilot cadet undergoes maritime education and training in classrooms, onboard vessels and in simulators. Developing visual expertise is a basic objective. Transferring knowledge from experienced mar- itime pilots to maritime pilot cadets is challenging since some of this knowledge is tacit. The transference is achieved by externalization and socialization pro- cesses. The objective of this pre-study was to assess eye-tracking methodology as a tool to support maritime education and training, and for transferring tacit knowledge. The study was performed in an explorative way during simulator sessions, by interviews, questionnaires and observations. The result shows that eye-tracking methodology is useful for transferring tacit knowledge in simulator settings, but not during other parts of the education and training. The results also show that situational awareness of maritime pilot instructors and maritime pilot cadets increases when utilizing eye-tracking methodology.

tacit knowledge




maritime pilot




Rikard Eklund

Chalmers, Industrial and Materials Science, Design and Human Factors

Charlott Sellberg

University of Gothenburg

Anna-Lisa Osvalder

Chalmers, Industrial and Materials Science, Design and Human Factors

Advances in Intelligent Systems and Computing

21945357 (ISSN)

Vol. 1211 269-275
978-303050895-1 (ISBN)

AHFE Virtual Conference on Human Factors in Training, Education, and Learning Sciences
San Diego, USA,

Subject Categories

Production Engineering, Human Work Science and Ergonomics



Areas of Advance

Information and Communication Technology



Chalmers Maritime Simulators



More information

Latest update