A micropolar theory for the finite elasticity of open-cell cellular solids
Paper in proceedings, 2009
A mechanistic model is presented for an open-cell cellular solid consisting of a three-dimensional network of elastic struts. By considering the bending and torsion as well as stretching and buckling of the struts, we allow for length-scale effects in the macroscopic response. Constitutive equations are developed for the force and couple stress tensors, accounting for finite deformations and anisotropy. The consistent tangent stiffness operators are derived and the equations are fully implemented in a nonlinear two-dimensional finite-element solution scheme for the coupled displacement/rotation problem. A boundary-value problem of a shear gap with prescribed boundary rotations is analysed, and the model is shown to predict the well-known gap size effect. The mechanistic model allows some detailed interpretation of the micropolar behaviour, such as the effects of strut slenderness, strut length and anisotropy.
finite element methods