Experimental verification of finite element failure criteria with respect to strain state and element size
Paper in proceedings, 2009
Within sheet metal forming, crashworthiness analysis in the automotive industry and ship research on collision and grounding, modelling of the material failure/fracture, including the behaviour at large plastic deformations, is critical for accurate failure predictions. In order to validate existing failure models used in finite element (FE) simulations, in terms of dependence on length scale and strain state, tests recorded with the optical strain measuring system ARAMIS have been carried out. With this system, the stress-strain behaviour of uniaxial tensile tests was examined locally, and from this information true stress-strain relations were calculated on different length scales across the necking region. Forming limit tests were carried out to study the multiaxial failure behaviour of the material in terms of necking and fracture. The failure criteria that were verified against the tests were chosen among those available in the FE software Abaqus and the BWH criterion proposed by Alsos et al. 2008. The results from the tensile tests confirmed that Barba’s law is valid for handling length scale dependence after necking. Also, the evolution of damage in the FE simulations was related to the processes ultimately leading to initiation and propagation of a macroscopic crack in the final phase of the tensile tests. Furthermore, the BWH criterion showed good agreement with the forming limit test results. The effect of pre-straining in the forming limit tests and the FE simulations of them is discussed.