A friction model evaluated with results from a bending-under-tension test
Journal article, 2009
The friction in stamping is an important process parameter to control the flow of material in the tool. Consequently, it is also an important parameter in the design process of new stamping tools when numerical simulations of the forming operations are performed. In this work an advanced friction model is evaluated. which considers properties of surface topography, lubricant, sheet material, and process parameters such as sliding speed and pressure. The evaluation is made by comparing theoretical results with experimental ones obtained in a bending-under-tension friction test. The results show conformance in behaviour between the friction model and the experimental work. Furthermore, a model, which considers the influence of bulk plastic strains on the real area of contact, is investigated. The developed model predicts that the effective hardness of a surface is reduced by the presence of underlying plastic flow. it is found that when the strain rates are increased, the Stribeck curve becomes flatter and mixed lubrication is introduced at lower Hersey values. The friction model clearly shows the potential of improving the FE simulations of sheet metal forming operations, in comparison to the use of the classical Coulomb's friction model.
Sheet metal forming