Formation and Diffusivity Characterization of Supported Lipid Bilayers with Complex Lipid Compositions
Journal article, 2012
The moving edge of a hydrodynamically manipulated supported lipid bilayer (SLB) can be used to catalyze SLB formation of adsorbed lipid vesicles that do not undergo spontaneous SLB formation upon adsorption on SiO2. By removing the lipid reservoir of an initially formed SLB, we show how a hydrodynamically moved SLB patch composed of POPC can be used to form isolated SLBs with compositions that to at least 95% represent that of the adsorbed lipid vesicles. The concept is used to investigate the diffusivity of lissamine rhodamine B 1,2-dihexadecanoyl-sn-glycero-3-phosphoethanolamine (rhodamine-DHPE) in SLBs made from complex lipid compositions, revealing a decrease in diffusivity by a factor of 2 when the cholesterol content was increased from 0% to 50%. We also demonstrate how the concept can be used to induce stationary domains in SLBs containing 1,2-dioleoyl-sn-glycero-3-phosphocholine (DOPC), 1,2-dioleoyl-sn-glycero-3-phosphoethanolamine (DOPE), and cholesterol (39:21:40 mol %, respectively). Because the method serves as a means to form SLBs with lipid compositions that hamper SLB formation via spontaneous rupture of adsorbed lipid vesicles, it opens up the possibility for new biophysical investigations of SLBs with more nativelike compositions.