Energy efficient climate control in office buildings without giving up implementability
Journal article, 2015
The adaptation between a building and its automation system can potentially be increased by model-based controllers with an integrated control model and information about indoor climate disturbances. The associated energy savings potential is large but a widespread utilization is typically prevented by high complexities. From that point of view, a trade-off technology that combines implementability with an overall higher performance than the system of current practice would be a better option at most sites. This work presents an experimental evaluation of an alternative controller that follows the same principle as model-based, but has gone through a large number of simplification measures for a reduced overall complexity and a limited function. The controller was evaluated for indoor climate control by automating the ventilation flow rate during a typical office working day that was re-created in a laboratory environment. Experiments were conducted in two different office sites, as well as during two weather seasons of Swedish summer and winter. From the investigation, it was concluded that despite of the reduced complexity, the investigated controller could save between 12% and 19% of indicated energy compared to a system of common practice at the same time as the quality of indoor climate was maintained.
Air-based heating and cooling
Indoor climate control