Investigating generation mechanisms of tyre/road noise by speed exponent analysis
Journal article, 2017

The purpose of this study is to clarify the influence of air-pumping related noise sources on typical tyre/road noise. The aim is to increase the understanding of noise generation mechanisms and catalyse the development of existing tyre/road noise simulation tools. The speed dependency of measured and simulated tyre/road noise is analysed and the results show that a large part of the noise can be explained by a high speed exponent traditionally connected with air-pumping mechanisms. Surprisingly, this is also the case for rough road surfaces which are expected to mainly generate noise by tyre vibrations. It is also found that vehicle wind noise may have a strong influence on the pass-by noise and care must be taken when analysing measurement data of quiet tyre/road combinations. Even simulated tyre/road noise shows higher speed exponents than what is anticipated without the inclusion of any type of air-pumping mechanism in the model. It is concluded that it is unfeasible to separate noise created by tyre vibrations from noise created by air-pumping with a speed exponent analysis due to the overlap in the speed exponents connected with the different generation mechanisms.

Tyre vibrations


Tyre/road noise

Speed exponent


Julia Winroth

Chalmers, Civil and Environmental Engineering, Applied Acoustics

Wolfgang Kropp

Chalmers, Civil and Environmental Engineering, Applied Acoustics

Carsten Hoever

Chalmers, Civil and Environmental Engineering, Applied Acoustics

T. Beckenbauer

Müller-BBM Schweiz AG

Manuel Männel


Applied Acoustics

0003-682X (ISSN) 1872910x (eISSN)

Vol. 115 101-108

Driving Forces

Sustainable development

Areas of Advance


Subject Categories

Fluid Mechanics and Acoustics



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