Cross-talk between amyloidogenic proteins in type-2 diabetes and Parkinson's disease
Journal article, 2016
In type-2 diabetes (T2D) and Parkinson's disease (PD), polypeptide assembly into amyloid fibers plays central roles: in PD, alpha-synuclein (aS) forms amyloids and in T2D, amylin [islet amyloid polypeptide (IAPP)] forms amyloids. Using a combination of biophysical methods in vitro we have investigated whether aS, IAPP, and unprocessed IAPP, pro-IAPP, polypeptides can cross-react. Whereas IAPP forms amyloids within minutes, aS takes many hours to assemble into amyloids and pro-IAPP aggregates even slower under the same conditions. We discovered that preformed amyloids of proIAPP inhibit, whereas IAPP amyloids promote, aS amyloid formation. Amyloids of aS promote pro-IAPP amyloid formation, whereas they inhibit IAPP amyloid formation. In contrast, mixing of IAPP and aS monomers results in coaggregation that is faster than either protein alone; moreover, pro-IAPP can incorporate aS monomers into its amyloid fibers. From this intricate network of cross-reactivity, it is clear that the presence of IAPP can accelerate aS amyloid formation. This observation may explain why T2D patients are susceptible to developing PD.
atomic force microscopy