Robust Ambiguity Estimation for an Automated Analysis of the Intensive Sessions
Conference contribution, 2016

Very Long Baseline Interferometry (VLBI) is a unique space-geodetic technique that can directly access the Earth's phase of rotation, namely UT1. The daily estimates of the difference between UT1 and Coordinated Universal Time (UTC) are computed from 1-hour long VLBI Intensive sessions. These sessions are essential in providing timely UT1 estimates for satellite navigation systems. To produce timely UT1 estimates, efforts have been made to completely automate the analysis of VLBI Intensive sessions. This requires automated processing of X- and S-band group delays. These data often contain an unknown number of integer ambiguities in the observed group delays. In an automated analysis with the c5++ software the standard approach in resolving the ambiguities is to perform a simplified parameter estimation using a least-squares adjustment (L2-norm minimisation). We implement the robust L1-norm with an alternative estimation method in c5++. The implemented method is used to automatically estimate the ambiguities in VLBI Intensive sessions on the Kokee-Wettzell baseline. The results are compared to an analysis setup where the ambiguity estimation is computed using the L2-norm. Additionally, we investigate three alternative weighting strategies for the ambiguity estimation. The results show that in automated analysis the L1-norm resolves ambiguities better than the L2-norm. The use of the L1-norm leads to a significantly higher number of good quality UT1-UTC estimates with each of the three weighting strategies.

robust estimation

Intensives

UT1

ambiguities

VLBI

Author

Niko Petteri Kareinen

Chalmers, Earth and Space Sciences, Space Geodesy and Geodynamics

Thomas Hobiger

Chalmers, Earth and Space Sciences, Onsala Space Observatory

Chalmers, Earth and Space Sciences, Space Geodesy and Geodynamics

Rüdiger Haas

Chalmers, Earth and Space Sciences, Space Geodesy and Geodynamics

Chalmers, Earth and Space Sciences, Onsala Space Observatory

IVS 2016 General Meeting Proceedings "New Horizons with VGOS"

(NASA/CP-2016-219016) 198-202

Roots

Basic sciences

Infrastructure

Onsala Space Observatory

Subject Categories

Geophysics

More information

Created

10/8/2017