Mistra Carbon Exit Technical roadmap - Steel industry
Report, 2020

This report explores different possible trajectories of technological developments in the primary production of steel. By linking short-term and long-term goals with specific technology options, the Mistra Carbon Exit roadmaps describe key decision points and potential synergies, competing goals and lock-in effects. The analysis combines quantitative analytical methods, i.e. scenarios and stylized models, with participatory processes involving relevant stakeholders in the roadmap assessment process. The roadmaps outline material and energy flows along with costs associated with different technical and strategical choices and explore interlinkages and interactions across sectors. The results show how strategic choices with respect to process technologies, energy carriers and the availability of biofuels, carbon capture, transport and storage (CCS) and carbon neutral electricity may have very different implications on energy use and CO2 emissions over time.

carbon emissions



Climate mitigation


Alla Toktarova

Chalmers, Space, Earth and Environment, Energy Technology

Ida Karlsson

Chalmers, Space, Earth and Environment, Energy Technology

Johan Rootzén

University of Gothenburg

Mikael Odenberger

Chalmers, Space, Earth and Environment, Energy Technology

Mistra Carbon Exit

The Swedish Foundation for Strategic Environmental Research (Mistra), 2017-04-01 -- 2021-04-01.

Driving Forces

Sustainable development

Subject Categories

Other Environmental Engineering

Environmental Management

Energy Systems

More information

Latest update

3/4/2022 2