Perfect Absorption and Strong Coupling in Supported MoS2 Multilayers
Journal article, 2023

Perfect absorption and strong coupling are two highly sought-after regimes of light-matter interactions. Both regimes have been studied as separate phenomena in excitonic 2D materials, particularly in MoS2. However, the structures used to reach these regimes often require intricate nanofabrication. Here, we demonstrate the occurrence of perfect absorption and strong coupling in thin MoS2 multilayers supported by a glass substrate. We measure reflection spectra of mechanically exfoliated MoS2 flakes at various angles beyond the light-line via Fourier plane imaging and spectroscopy and find that absorption in MoS2 monolayers increases up to 74% at the C-exciton by illuminating at the critical angle. Perfect absorption is achieved for ultrathin MoS2 flakes (4-8 layers) with a notable angle and frequency sensitivity to the exact number of layers. By calculating zeros and poles of the scattering matrix in the complex frequency plane, we identify perfect absorption (zeros) and strong coupling (poles) conditions for thin (<10 layers) and thick (>10 layers) limits. Our findings reveal rich physics of light-matter interactions in bare MoS2 flakes, which could be useful for nanophotonic and light harvesting applications.



perfect absorption

Fourier plane spectroscopy


ultrathin films

strong coupling


Adriana Canales Ramos

Chalmers, Physics, Nano and Biophysics

Oleg Kotov

Chalmers, Physics, Nano and Biophysics

Timur Shegai

Chalmers, Physics, Nano and Biophysics


ACS Nano

1936-0851 (ISSN) 1936-086X (eISSN)

Vol. 17 4 3401-3411

Subject Categories

Computational Mathematics

Atom and Molecular Physics and Optics

Other Physics Topics

Condensed Matter Physics





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