Transient Simulation of the Aerodynamic Response of a Double-Deck Bus in Gusty Winds
Journal article, 2008

The purpose of the research reported in this paper was to investigate the aerod ynamic response of a double-deck bus in gusty winds using a Detached-Eddy Simula tion (DES). The bus was subjected to three different scenarios of wind gusts: g ust in a wind tunnel, gust in a natural wind and gust behind the exit of a tunne l. The proposed scenarios of gusts are in the time domain and take into account the dynamic behavior of natural winds. The Reynolds number of the flow, based on the time-averaged speed of the side wind and a reference length of squre root of 0.1 [m], was 1300000. Detailed transient responses of the aerodynamic coe fficients and flow structures were investigated. Good agreement was found betwe en the DES results and the available experimental data. A comparison between the influence of the different gust scenarios on the aerodynamic coefficients shows that the gust behind the exit from a tunnel has a stronger influence on the aer odynamics than the other gust scenarios. Moreover, the influence of the gusts o n the time history of aerodynamics coefficients is found to be limited to the pe riod of the gust.


Hassan Hemida

Chalmers, Applied Mechanics, Fluid Dynamics

Sinisa Krajnovic

Chalmers, Applied Mechanics, Fluid Dynamics

Journal of Fluids Engineering, Transactions of the ASME

0098-2202 (ISSN)

Vol. 131 3 0311011-03110110

Subject Categories

Vehicle Engineering

Fluid Mechanics and Acoustics



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