Robustness analysis of HOG pathway genes in Saccharomyces cerevisiae
Poster (konferens), 2006

Robustness analysis of HOG pathway genes in Saccharomyces cerevisiae Doryaneh Ahmadpour1, Lars-Göran Ottosson1, Markus Krantz2, Jonas Warringer1, Anders Blomberg1 and Stefan Hohmann1* 1Department of Cell and Molecular Biology/Microbiology, Göteborg University, S-405 30 Göteborg, Sweden 2 The Systems Biology Institute (SBI), Shibuya, Tokyo, Japan E-mail: doryaneh.ahmadpour@gmm.gu.se Robustness is a fundamental property of biological systems and crucial for their effective function under internal or external perturbations. For instance, it has been proposed that internal parameters such as gene expression have been optimized during evolution such that a given system has the observed robustness. The permissible ranges of internal parameters in the cells are not comprehensively understood since there has not been a technique to measure such parameters. “Genetic tug-of-war” (gTOW) [1] is a genetic screening method that allows the investigation of the upper limit copy number of genes, and thereby the upper permissible range of gene expression level. This method is based on a 2-micron plasmid vector containing the leu2d allele with a very weak complementation activity and the gene of interest inserted as target gene. When the leu2ura3 deletion yeast cells transformed with pTOW plasmid are cultured under leucine-limiting conditions, there will be a bias toward increasing the plasmid copy number to compensate for the lack of leucine. On the other hand there will be an opposing bias toward decreasing the plasmid copy number if the target gene inhibits growth or has a toxic effect when a certain copy number is exceeded (it reaches to its upper limit). Eventually as a result of the “tug-of-war” between these two selection biases cells with optimized plasmid copy number will be concentrated. In this study we have applied the gTOW method on 29 HOG pathway related genes in Saccharomyces cerevisiae. The high osmolarity glycerol (HOG) MAPK pathway is essential for yeast survival in high osmolarity condition and consists of two branches that activate a MAPK (Hog1) via a MAPKK (Pbs2) to orchestrate part of the transcriptional response. The HOG pathway is the best understood osmoresponsive system in eukaryotes and the quantitative data provided by the gTOW method collating with the existing computational models could be used to analyze the robustness and fragility of the pathway. 1. Hisao Moriya, Yuki Shimizu-Yoshida and Hiroaki Kitano, 2006, PLoS Genetics, 2:7

Robustness

Hog pathway

Yeast

Fragility

Författare

Doryaneh Ahmadpour

Göteborgs universitet

Lars-Göran Ottosson

Göteborgs universitet

Marcus Krantz

Göteborgs universitet

Jonas Warringer

Göteborgs universitet

Anders Blomberg

Göteborgs universitet

Stefan Hohmann

Göteborgs universitet

YSBN Meeting Nov. 14-16, 2006- Vienna- Austria

Ämneskategorier

Biokemi och molekylärbiologi