Performance of steel beams strengthened with CFRP laminate - Part 2: FE analyses
Artikel i vetenskaplig tidskrift, 2010
A new method for repairing and strengthening steel is under development and consists of using CFRP (carbon-fibre-reinforced-polymer) laminates bonded to the steel substrate. Research on this method has been conducted by a few research groups in recent years. The idea is to let the CFRP laminate carry a large part of the stresses and thereby reduce the load on the steel, which may have had its capacity lowered due to deterioration or fatigue. The present paper presents the results of FE analyses of steel beams strengthened with bonded CFRP laminates. The interfacial shear and peeling stresses that appear in the bond line between the steel and CFRP laminate are studied in both the elastic and plastic phase of the steel beam. Comparisons with the results obtained from laboratory tests conducted on steel beams strengthened with bonded CFRP laminates show that the behaviour of the strengthened beams can be captured using FE analyses. The distribution of the shear and peeling stresses near the end of the bond line were obtained from the FE analyses, together with the interfacial stresses that develop near beam mid-span due to the yielding of the steel. These stresses may exceed the capacity of the adhesive and cause debonding in this region. (C) 2010 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.