Characterization of PNA and DNA Immobilization and Subsequent Hybridization with DNA Using Acoustic-Shear-Wave Attenuation Measurements
Artikel i vetenskaplig tidskrift, 2001

We report here how the quartz crystal microbalance with dissipation monitoring (QCM-D) technique, simultaneously measuring changes in the induced energy dissipation, D (cf. viscoelastic properties), and the frequency, f (cf. coupled mass), can be used to characterize the bound state of single-stranded peptide nucleic acid (PNA) and deoxyribose nucleic acid (DNA) in relation to their ability to function as selective probe(s) for fully complementary and single-mismatch DNA. The possibility to use the QCM-D technique for detection of binding kinetics and structural differences in the formed duplexes is also presented. We found that thiol-PNA and thiol-DNA attached via a sulfur group directly on a bare-gold surface are less efficient as probes for DNA than are biotin-PNA and biotin-DNA, coupled on top of a two-dimensional (2-D) arrangement of streptavidin, formed on a biotinylated phospholipid bilayer on a SiO2 surface. The fully complementary and singly mismatched DNA oligomers hybridize with the immobilized PNA and DNA. A single mismatch is discriminated via a significant difference in the binding and dissociation kinetics, demonstrating a high selectivity and thus successful immobilization of functional single strands. The observed ratios between hybridization-induced energy dissipation (DeltaD) and the frequency shift (Deltaf) made it possible to discriminate thiol-PNA directly attached to a gold surface from biotin-PNA coupled to the streptavidin 2-D arrangement, where the former were shown to be inefficient for detecting subsequent hybridization. Structural differences of the immobilized layers composed of biotin-PNA-DNA and biotin-DNA-DNA were clearly reflected by the DeltaD and Deltaf response.


Fredrik Höök

Chalmers, Teknisk fysik

Arghya Ray

Institutionen för fysikalisk kemi

Bengt Nordén

Institutionen för fysikalisk kemi

Bengt Herbert Kasemo

Chalmers, Teknisk fysik


07437463 (ISSN) 15205827 (eISSN)

Vol. 17 26 8305-8312


Nanovetenskap och nanoteknik (SO 2010-2017, EI 2018-)


Livsvetenskaper och teknik (2010-2018)



Fysikalisk kemi


Grundläggande vetenskaper



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