The potential for steam savings and implementation of different biorefinery concepts in Scandinavian integrated TMP and paper mills
Artikel i vetenskaplig tidskrift, 2011

In this paper the potential for steam savings and excess heat levels is analyzed for four Scandinavian thermo-mechanical (TMP) pulp and paper mills, using the Heat Load Model for Pulp and Paper (HLMPP). The results are compared with similar results from previous studies for two other TMP mills. Further, an analysis is made regarding the relationship between the steam consumption and temperature level of excess heat and mill-specific characteristics such as production rate and fresh warm water usage. Based on the results and the analysis, the potential for implementation of different biorefinery concepts is discussed. The results indicate that steam savings of 2–20% can be found in Scandinavian TMP mills. The pinch temperature is rather low, around 20–70 °C for most of the studied mills, compared to the pinch temperature usually found at kraft pulp mills (100–140 °C). Further, two of the mills show an un-pinched Grand Composite Curve (GCC) where the heat demand curve starts close to 0 °C. Thus the potential utilization options for the excess heat are rather limited. The results also show that the level of heated fresh water affects both the steam consumption and the pinch temperature, and thus the potential for efficient integration of different biorefinery processes.


Thermo-mechanical pulp and paper mill

Process integration

Excess heat


Johanna Jönsson

Industriella energisystem och tekniker

Pekka Ruohonen


Gregory Michel

Industriella energisystem och tekniker

Thore Berntsson

Industriella energisystem och tekniker

Applied Thermal Engineering

1359-4311 (ISSN)

Vol. 31 13 2107-2114




Kemiska processer




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