Chemical-looping combustion of solid fuels in a 10 kWth pilot – Batch tests with five fuels
Konferensbidrag (offentliggjort, men ej förlagsutgivet), 2011
Chemical-looping combustion (CLC) is a combustion concept with inherent separation of CO2. The process uses a solid
oxygen carrier, which consists of metal oxide, to transfer the oxygen from air to fuel. This paper presents findings from batch tests performed in a 10 kWth CLC pilot for solid fuels. The pilot, which is the world’s first chemical-looping combustor for solid fuels, is based on interconnected fluidized-bed technology and features a fuel reactor (FR) and an air reactor (AR) as the principal
reaction chambers. In the FR, fuel is gasified with steam whereupon gasification products react with the oxygen carrier to form, ideally, CO2, H2O and SO2. Oxygen-carrier particles exit the FR through a weir and are led to the AR, where they are regenerated to their oxidized state. The pilot has been operated using a natural iron-titanium ore called ilmenite as oxygen carrier. Previous continuous tests have demonstrated a need for batch tests in order to obtain complementary information on system performance.
In this study, five fuels were fed to the fuel reactor in batches of 20-25 g at four temperatures; 940°C, 970°C, 1000°C and 1030°C. By using devolatilized fuel, it was possible to determine (a) oxygen demand associated with syngas from char gasification as well as (b) kinetics of char conversion to gas. Rates of char conversion were found to be temperature dependent, as expected, whereas no temperature dependence was found for the oxygen demand. Activation energies for conversion of char to gas were calculated using Arrhenius plots. The minimum oxygen demand for char was found to be around 5%.
reaction rate constant