Overview of Research on Injury Biomechanics in Car-Pedestrian Collisions
Artikel i vetenskaplig tidskrift, 2011
The knowledge of injury biomechanics in passenger car to pedestrian collisions is important for us to establish test procedures for pedestrian protection. It also forms important background for design of safer car. A condensed overview is given based on the published and ongoing studies of the pedestrian injury biomechanics. The state of the art of the injury biomechanics in car-to-pedestrian collisions was described, including the dynamic responses during a collision, the causation of injuries on different body parts, injury mechanisms, tolerance levels, injury severity and assessment criteria, as well as the correlation of the physical parameters with injuries in different loading conditions. The needs of future research on pedestrian injury prevention were presented.
Car-pedestrian collision；injury mechanism；tolerance；assessment criterion