Retrieval and assessment of sub-mesoscalewind velocity vectors with Synthetic Aperture Radar
Paper i proceeding, 2011
Wind vector fields are currently available from different sources at mesoscale resolutions (2 km to 200 km). The commonly provided wind resolution on 25 km imposes a limit in coastal areas and in the study of small-scale phenomena occurring in the ocean surface. Since wind is the driving force of the ocean, the study of its behavior in sub-mesoscale (< 10 km), improves the understanding of the ocean state. This paper presents a description and assessment of a wind velocity algorithm implemented for C-band (frequency 5.3 GHz) Synthetic Aperture Radar (SAR) data to detect sub-mesoscale wind fields. Results are obtained with the algorithm applied on 14 different SAR images. The quality assessment is performed by the comparison with wind velocity estimates from a numerical weather model and a scatterometer sensor. The statistics of the wind speed retrievals show a bias of about 0.5 m/s, a root mean square (rms) error of 2.6 m/s, and correlation of 79%. For the wind direction, the bias is lower than 8°, with a rms error of about 40° and a correlation of about 85%. The large magnitude of the rms error in the direction is attributed to the differences in variability and resolutions of the data.
synthetic aperture radar (SAR)