Surface Charge Densities of Two Actinide(IV) Oxides: UO2 and ThO2
Artikel i vetenskaplig tidskrift, 2002

The surface charge behavior of uranium(IV) oxide and thorium(IV) oxide was investigated by potentiometric titration, and the pH point of zero charge (pzc) was determined for both oxides. Crystalline structures were investigated by X-ray powder diffraction, which showed that both oxides were of the cubic system (Fm3m) with a slightly differing unit cell size. The pzc was determined for the oxides at two ionic strengths: 0.01 and 0.1 M (NaClO4). The pzc of UO2 was found to be pH 5–5.5 at both ionic strengths, which was supported by measurement of the isoelectric point. The corresponding result for ThO2 was approximately pH 8, seemingly varying slightly with the ionic strength. The UO2 surface was sensitive to further oxidation, which affects titration experiments by yielding ostensibly high pzc unless the oxidation is prevented. Inert, or at least O2 and CO2 free, conditions are thus necessary during work with UO2.


potentiometric titration

surface charge

point of zero charge

uranium oxide


Mattias Olsson

Institutionen för kärnkemi

Anna-Maria Jakobsson

Institutionen för kärnkemi

Yngve Albinsson

Institutionen för kärnkemi

Journal of Colloid and Interface Science

0021-9797 (ISSN)

Vol. 256 256-261


Geovetenskap och miljövetenskap