Modelling and fatigue life assessment of orthotropic bridge deck details using FEM
Artikel i vetenskaplig tidskrift, 2012
The fatigue life estimation of orthotropic steel bridge decks using the finite element method is most frequently associated with the application of the structural hot spot stress approach or the effective notch stress approach, rather than the traditional nominal stress approach. The application of these approaches to a welded joint with cut-out holes in orthotropic bridge decks, where it is not easy to distinguish the non-linear stress caused by the notch at the weld toe from the stress concentration effect emanating from the hole in the detail, was investigated. The results of the finite element calculations were compared with the results of the fatigue tests which were carried out on full-scale specimens. The results of the finite element analyses revealed that the structural hot spot stresses obtained from the shell element models were unrealistically high when the welds were omitted. Moreover, the way in which the welds were represented had a substantial influence on the magnitude of the hot spot stress. The results of the analysis when using the effective notch stress approach showed that the agreement between the estimated fatigue life using this approach and the fatigue life obtained from the fatigue tests was good.
Effective notch stress
Structural hot spot stress
Orthotropic bridge deck