A simulation tool for assessing the influence of atmospheric turbulence in a Media Calibration System
Paper i proceeding, 2012

Turbulence is an important effect for different applications including different aspects of electromagnetic propagation in the atmosphere, especially for frequencies in the microwave part of the spectrum. Our parameter of interest is an integrated effect, namely the propagation delay of a signal propagating through the Earth's atmosphere to a receiver on the ground. A simulation method has been implemented in order to predict the statistics of atmospheric turbulence. For systems where calibration for the wet delay is done by means of radiometric measurements there is an uncalibrated remainder of the variability due to imperfections of the method: (1) the radiometer location, which may not be identical to the location of the receiving antenna that is subject to calibration, (2) a pointing offset on the sky, and (3) the radiometer beam that may sense another volume of the air than does the original signal. The size of the remainder depends on the assumptions made about the atmospheric variability when the instrument is calibrated. The analysis shows that the overall performance of the system to a significant level depends on the uncertainty in the true range of variation for the turbulence strength parameter C n 2.

water vapor

Allan standard deviation

Atmospheric turbulence

microwave radiometer


A. Graziani

P. Tortora

Gunnar Elgered

Chalmers, Rymd- och geovetenskap, Rymdgeodesi och geodynamik

P. Jarlemark

A. Martellucci

M. Mercolino

12th Specialist Meeting on Microwave Radiometry and Remote Sensing of the Environment, MicroRad 2012 - Proceedings. Rome, 5-9 March 2012


Grundläggande vetenskaper


Geovetenskap och miljövetenskap