The geometry of the close environment of SV Piscium as probed by VLTI/MIDI
Artikel i vetenskaplig tidskrift, 2012

Context. SVPsc is an asymptotic giant branch (AGB) star surrounded by an oxygen-rich dust envelope. The mm-CO line profile of the object's outflow shows a clear double-component structure. Because of the high angular resolution, mid-IR interferometry may give strong constraints on the origin of this composite profile. Aims. The aim of this work is to investigate the morphology of the environment around SVPsc using high-angular resolution interferometry observations in the mid-IR with the Very Large Telescope MID-infrared Interferometric instrument (VLTI/MIDI). Methods. Interferometric data in the N-band taken at different baseline lengths (ranging from 32-64 m) and position angles (73-142 degrees) allow a study of the morphology of the circumstellar environment close to the star. The data are interpreted on the basis of 2-dimensional, chromatic geometrical models using the fitting software tool GEM-FIND developed for this purpose. Results. The results favor two scenarios: (i) the presence of a highly inclined, optically thin, dusty disk surrounding the central star; (ii) the presence of an unresolved binary companion at a separation of 13.7(-4.8)(+4.2) AU and a position angle of 121.8 degrees(-24.5)degrees(+15.4)degrees. NE. The derived orbital period of the binary is 38.1(-22.6)(+20.4) yr. This detection is in good agreement with hydrodynamic simulations showing that a close companion could be responsible for the entrainment of the gas and dust into a circumbinary structure.


techniques: interferometric

mass-loss rates


giant branch stars

velocity agb stars

stars: AGB and post-AGB






stars: atmospheres



stars: mass-loss


D. Klotz

Universität Wien

S. Sacuto

Uppsala universitet

F. Kerschbaum

Universität Wien

C. Paladini

Universität Wien

Hans Olofsson

Chalmers, Rymd- och geovetenskap, Onsala rymdobservatorium

J. Hron

Universität Wien

Astronomy and Astrophysics

0004-6361 (ISSN) 1432-0746 (eISSN)

Vol. 541 A164


Astronomi, astrofysik och kosmologi



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