Is intermodal freight transport more environmentally friendly than all-road freight transport? A review
Paper i proceeding, 2003

Intermodal transport, the combination and integration of several modes, with the use of loading units, has been said to be more environmentally friendly than unimodal road transport for the carriage of goods. The political and scientific interest in this transport market is largely due to this sustainablity and ecological aspect of the intermodal transportation system. In this paper an overview is given of studies and papers that are tackling the issue of the external effects of both intermodal and unimodal transport. An overview is given of the types of external costs that were taken into account (emissions, security, noise,...) and the methodologies that were used to estimate the external effects and to value these effects in terms of costs. The results of the different studies are compared to each other and common conclusions are drawn.

external costs


intermodal freight transport

environmental performance


E. Kreutzberger

C. Macharis

L. Vereecken

Johan Woxenius

Institutionen för transportteknik

The NECTAR (Network on European Communication and Transportation Activities Research) Conference No. 7, Umeå, Sweden June 13-15.

paper 7.3-


Produktionsteknik, arbetsvetenskap och ergonomi