Origin and effect of lateral cracks in oxide scales formed on zirconium alloys
Artikel i vetenskaplig tidskrift, 2012
Two varieties of Zircaloy-2, with different second phase particle (SPP) size distributions and different corrosion resistance, were oxidized in a steam autoclave. Transmission electron microscopy was used for investigation of the fine-scale lateral cracks present in the oxide scales. Crack quantification was performed and the number of cracks was correlated with the number of SPPs. A mechanism for crack formation is presented, in which the driving force is the local tensile stresses in the oxide close to the oxide/metal interface, and the initiation sites are un-oxidized SPPs located within this stress field.