Excited-state transition-rate measurements in C-18
Artikel i vetenskaplig tidskrift, 2012
Excited states in C-18 were populated by the one-proton knockout reaction of an intermediate energy radioactive N-19 beam. The lifetime of the first 2(+) state was measured with the Koln/NSCL plunger via the recoil distance method to be tau (2(1)(+)) = 22.4 +/- 0.9(stat)(-2.2)(+3.3)(syst) ps, which corresponds to a reduced quadrupole transition strength of B(E2; 2(1)(+) -> 0(1)(+)) = 3.64(-0.14)(+ 0.15)(stat)(-0.47)(+0.40)(syst) e(2)fm(4). In addition, an upper limit on the lifetime of a higher-lying state feeding the 2(1)(+) state was measured to be tau < 4.6 ps. The results are compared to large-scale ab initio no-core shell model calculations using two accurate nucleon-nucleon interactions and the importance-truncation scheme. The comparison provides strong evidence that the inclusion of three-body forces is needed to describe the low-lying excited-state properties of this A = 18 system.