Using experimental design to define boundary manikins
Paper i proceeding, 2012

When evaluating human-machine interaction it is central to consider anthropometric diversity to ensure intended accommodation levels. A well-known method is the use of boundary cases where manikins with extreme but likely measurement combinations are derived by mathematical treatment of anthropometric data. The supposition by that method is that the use of these manikins will facilitate accommodation of the expected part of the total, less extreme, population. In literature sources there are differences in how many and in what way these manikins should be defined. A similar field to the boundary case method is the use of experimental design in where relationships between affecting factors of a process is studied by a systematic approach. This paper examines the possibilities to adopt methodology used in experimental design to define a group of manikins. Different experimental designs were adopted to be used together with a confidence region and its axes. The result from the study shows that it is possible to adapt the methodology of experimental design when creating groups of manikins. The size of these groups of manikins depends heavily on the number of key measurements but also on the type of chosen experimental design.

Design of experiments

Ergonomics simulation


Confidence region


Erik Bertilsson

Chalmers, Produkt- och produktionsutveckling

D. Högberg

Högskolan i Skövde

Lars Hanson

Chalmers, Produkt- och produktionsutveckling, Produktionssystem


1051-9815 (ISSN)

Vol. 41 Supplement: 1 4598-4605

IEA 2012: 18th World congress on Ergonomics - Designing a sustainable future
Recife, Brazil,





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