Solubilization of two organic dyes by anionic, cationic and nonionic surfactants
Artikel i vetenskaplig tidskrift, 2013
In this study, the solubilization of two organic dyes, Sudan I (1-phenylazo-2-naphtol) and Quinizarin (1,4-dihydroxyanthraquinone), was studied in the presence of different types of surfactants (nonionic, anionic, cationic, and nonionic block copolymers) using UV-vis spectroscopy. The effects of temperature, pH and electrolyte on dye solubilization were investigated for single surfactants and for binary surfactant mixtures. The results showed that the solubilization of both dyes in the surfactant micelles increased with the temperature and with addition of salt and that there was no synergy when a mixture of surfactants was used. A straight chain alkyl tail seemed to be better than an alkylaryl tail, as judged from the comparison of solubilization power for the pairs sodium dodecyl sulphate (SDS)/sodium dodecyl benzene sulphonate (SDBS) and penta(ethylene glycol)monoundecyl ether (C11E5)/nona(ethylene glycol)monononylphenyl ether (NPE9). While the solubilization of both dyes in the presence of SOS and C11E5 remained almost the same within the pH interval 3-12, the solubilization of the dyes was much higher above pH 8.2 in the presence of the cationic surfactant dodecyltrimethylammonium bromide. This was attributed to an attractive interaction between the ionized form of the dye and the positively charged head group of the micellized surfactant.