Mapping a framework for co-design in healthcare buildings - an empirical study
Paper i proceeding, 2012

Rapid technological development and changing demands from a changing population call for new ways of working in the healthcare sector. As the working environment should support these new ways of working and be prepared for yet more changes, new strategies for facility planning need to be studied. Architects have a long tradition of working with end user involvement in the early stages of building projects, but over the past ten years, a shift in focus or trend has been noticeable. Over time, the purpose of end user involvement has moved from mere participation to co-designing, making fuller use of user knowledge and experience. This paper revisits seven healthcare building projects, now in various stages of realization but initiated in 2007–2011 using a design-driven co-designing framework, involving end users in the early stages of developing and designing their future environment. The co-designing framework and its outcome are revisited and scrutinized here in light of four factors presumed to influence the quality of the process and its outcome: representativity, continuity, ownership, and innovation. Each case was mapped through archival studies, observations, and interviews with involved architects, project managers, and users. The intention is to deepen our understanding of the planning framework and the consequences of user participation and co-designing by highlighting recurring factors connected to the collaborative planning process and its outcome. The findings indicate that the framework’s basic structure has proven stable and useful in several projects and, although affected by external factors such as timing, politics, and finance, still offers good conditions for involving end users in project development and ownership creation, enabling the development of innovative ideas.


participatory design



user involvement


healthcare planning



Johanna Eriksson

Chalmers, Arkitektur

Peter Fröst

Chalmers, Arkitektur

Nina Ryd

Chalmers, Arkitektur

Proceedings from ARCH12



Annan samhällsbyggnadsteknik



Building Futures (2010-2018)

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