The inherent problem of transflection-mode infrared spectroscopic microscopy and the ramifications for biomedical single point and imaging applications.
Artikel i vetenskaplig tidskrift, 2013
Transflection-mode FTIR spectroscopy has become a popular method of measuring spectra from biomedical and other samples due to the relative low cost of substrates compared to transmission windows, and a higher absorbance due to a double pass through the same sample approximately doubling the effective path length. In this publication we state an optical description of samples on multilayer low-e reflective substrates. Using this model we are able to explain in detail the so-called electric-field standing wave effect and rationalise the non-linear change in absorbance with sample thickness. The ramifications of this non-linear change, for imaging and classification systems, where a model is built from tissue sectioned at a particular thickness and compared with tissue of a different thickness are discussed. We show that spectra can be distorted such that classification fails leading to inaccurate tissue segmentation which may have subsequent implications for disease diagnostics applications.