Proteomic analysis of the increased stress tolerance of Saccharomyces cerevisiae encapsulated in liquid core alginate-chitosan capsules
Artikel i vetenskaplig tidskrift, 2012

Saccharomyces cerevisiae CBS8066 encapsulated in semi-permeable alginate or alginate-chitosan liquid core capsules have been shown to have an enhanced tolerance towards complex dilute-acid lignocellulose hydrolysates and the lignocellulose-derived inhibitor furfural, as well as towards high temperatures. The underlying molecular reasons for these effects have however not been elucidated. In this study we have investigated the response of the encapsulation on the proteome level in the yeast cells, in comparison with cells grown freely in suspension under otherwise similar conditions. The proteomic analysis was performed on whole cell protein extracts using nLC-MS/MS with TMT® labelling and 2-D DIGE. 842 and 52 proteins were identified using each method, respectively. The abundances of 213 proteins were significantly different between encapsulated and suspended cells, with good correlation between the fold change ratios obtained by the two methods for proteins identified in both. Encapsulation of the yeast caused an up-regulation of glucose-repressed proteins and of both general and starvation-specific stress responses, such as the trehalose biosynthesis pathway, and down-regulation of proteins linked to growth and protein synthesis. The encapsulation leads to a lack of nutrients for cells close to the core of the capsule due to mass transfer limitations. The triggering of the stress response may be beneficial for the cells in certain conditions, for example leading to the increased tolerance towards high temperatures and certain inhibitors.

proteomics

encapsulation

yeast

Författare

Johan Westman

Chalmers, Kemi- och bioteknik, Industriell Bioteknik

Mohammad Taherzadeh Esfahani

Högskolan i Borås

Carl Johan Franzén

Chalmers, Kemi- och bioteknik, Industriell Bioteknik

PLoS ONE

1932-6203 (ISSN)

Vol. 7 e49335- e49335

Drivkrafter

Hållbar utveckling

Ämneskategorier

Industriell bioteknik

Biologiska vetenskaper

Mikrobiologi

Styrkeområden

Energi

Livsvetenskaper och teknik

DOI

10.1371/journal.pone.0049335