Industrial Systems Biology of Saccharomyces cerevisiae Enables Novel Succinic Acid Cell Factory
Artikel i vetenskaplig tidskrift, 2013

Saccharomyces cerevisiae is the most well characterized eukaryote, the preferred microbial cell factory for the largest industrial biotechnology product (bioethanol), and a robust commerically compatible scaffold to be exploitted for diverse chemical production. Succinic acid is a highly sought after added-value chemical for which there is no native pre-disposition for production and accmulation in S. cerevisiae. The genome-scale metabolic network reconstruction of S. cerevisiae enabled in silico gene deletion predictions using an evolutionary programming method to couple biomass and succinate production. Glycine and serine, both essential amino acids required for biomass formation, are formed from both glycolytic and TCA cycle intermediates. Succinate formation results from the isocitrate lyase catalyzed conversion of isocitrate, and from the alpha-keto-glutarate dehydrogenase catalyzed conversion of alpha-keto-glutarate. Succinate is subsequently depleted by the succinate dehydrogenase complex. The metabolic engineering strategy identified included deletion of the primary succinate consuming reaction, Sdh3p, and interruption of glycolysis derived serine by deletion of 3-phosphoglycerate dehydrogenase, Ser3p/Ser33p. Pursuing these targets, a multi-gene deletion strain was constructed, and directed evolution with selection used to identify a succinate producing mutant. Physiological characterization coupled with integrated data analysis of transcriptome data in the metabolically engineered strain were used to identify 2nd-round metabolic engineering targets. The resulting strain represents a 30-fold improvement in succinate titer, and a 43-fold improvement in succinate yield on biomass, with only a 2.8-fold decrease in the specific growth rate compared to the reference strain. Intuitive genetic targets for either over-expression or interruption of succinate producing or consuming pathways, respectively, do not lead to increased succinate. Rather, we demonstrate how systems biology tools coupled with directed evolution and selection allows non-intuitive, rapid and substantial re-direction of carbon fluxes in S. cerevisiae, and hence show proof of concept that this is a potentially attractive cell factory for over-producing different platform chemicals.

strains

growth

scale metabolic model

validation

in-silico

yeast

reconstruction

bioethanol

products

biotechnology

Författare

José Manuel Otero

Chalmers, Kemi- och bioteknik, Livsvetenskaper, Systembiologi

D. Cimini

Università degli Studi della Campania Luigi Vanvitelli

K. R. Patil

European Molecular Biology Laboratory

Danmarks Tekniske Universitet (DTU)

S. G. Poulsen

Danmarks Tekniske Universitet (DTU)

Lisbeth Olsson

Chalmers, Kemi- och bioteknik, Industriell Bioteknik

Jens B Nielsen

Chalmers, Kemi- och bioteknik, Livsvetenskaper, Systembiologi

PLoS ONE

1932-6203 (ISSN)

Vol. 8 1 e54144

Drivkrafter

Hållbar utveckling

Styrkeområden

Energi

Livsvetenskaper och teknik

Ämneskategorier

Kemi

DOI

10.1371/journal.pone.0054144