The structure of plutonium(IV) oxide as hydrolysed clusters in aqueous suspensions
Artikel i vetenskaplig tidskrift, 2013

The behavior of plutonium still puzzles scientists 70 years after its discovery. There are several factors making the chemistry of plutonium interesting including its ability to keep several oxidation states. Another unique property is that the oxidation states +III, +IV, +V and +VI may exist simultaneously in solution. Another property plutonium shares with some other tetravalent metal ions is the ability to form stable polynuclear complexes or colloids. The structures of freshly prepared and five-year old plutonium(IV) colloids are compared with crystalline plutonium(IV) oxide using Pu L-3-edge EXAFS. It was shown that as the plutonium colloids age they do in fact shrink in size, contrary to previous expectations. The aged colloidal particles are indeed very small with only 3-4 plutonium atoms, and with a structure very similar to solid plutonium(IV) oxide, but with somewhat shorter mean Pu-O bond and Pu. Pu distances indicating a partial oxidation. The very small size of the colloidal particles is further supported by the fact that they do not sediment on heavy ultra-centrifugation.

solubility

behavior

water

pu(iv)

polymerization

dioxide

uo2

products

spectra

Författare

Christian Ekberg

Chalmers, Kemi- och bioteknik, Kärnkemi

K. Larsson

Chalmers University of Technology

Gunnar Skarnemark

Chalmers, Kemi- och bioteknik, Kärnkemi

Arvid Ödegård Jensen

Chalmers, Kemi- och bioteknik, Kärnkemi

I. Persson

Sveriges lantbruksuniversitet (SLU)

Dalton Transactions

1477-9226 (ISSN) 1477-9234 (eISSN)

Vol. 42 2035-2040

Ämneskategorier

Kemi

DOI

10.1039/c2dt32185h