LOFAR: The LOw-Frequency ARray
Artikel i vetenskaplig tidskrift, 2013

LOFAR, the LOw-Frequency ARray, is a new-generation radio interferometer constructed in the north of the Netherlands and across europe. Utilizing a novel phased-array design, LOFAR covers the largely unexplored low-frequency range from 10-240 MHz and provides a number of unique observing capabilities. Spreading out from a core located near the village of Exloo in the northeast of the Netherlands, a total of 40 LOFAR stations are nearing completion. A further five stations have been deployed throughout Germany, and one station has been built in each of France, Sweden, and the UK. Digital beam-forming techniques make the LOFAR system agile and allow for rapid repointing of the telescope as well as the potential for multiple simultaneous observations. With its dense core array and long interferometric baselines, LOFAR achieves unparalleled sensitivity and angular resolution in the low-frequency radio regime. The LOFAR facilities are jointly operated by the International LOFAR Telescope (ILT) foundation, as an observatory open to the global astronomical community. LOFAR is one of the first radio observatories to feature automated processing pipelines to deliver fully calibrated science products to its user community. LOFAR's new capabilities, techniques and modus operandi make it an important pathfinder for the Square Kilometre Array (SKA). We give an overview of the LOFAR instrument, its major hardware and software components, and the core science objectives that have driven its design. In addition, we present a selection of new results from the commissioning phase of this new radio observatory.

self-calibration

probe wmap

dark ages

reionization

high-redshift

z-greater-than-5.7 quasars

monte-carlo simulations

intergalactic medium

observations

radio lines:

first stars

radio continuum: general

ray air-showers

telescopes

understanding radio polarimetry

instrumentation: interferometers

general

digital sky survey

interplanetary scintillation

Författare

M. P. van Haarlem

M. W. Wise

A. W. Gunst

G. Heald

J. P. McKean

J. W. T. Hessels

A. G. de Bruyn

R. Nijboer

J. Swinbank

R. A. Fallows

M. Brentjens

A. Nelles

R. Beck

H. Falcke

R. Fender

J. Horandel

L. V. E. Koopmans

G. Mann

G. Miley

H. Rottgering

B. W. Stappers

Ramj Wijers

S. Zaroubi

M. van den Akker

A. Alexov

J. Anderson

K. Anderson

Arnold van Ardenne

Chalmers, Rymd- och geovetenskap, Onsala rymdobservatorium

M. Arts

A. Asgekar

I. M. Avruch

Fabien Batejat

Chalmers, Rymd- och geovetenskap, Radioastronomi och astrofysik

L. Bahren

M. E. Bell

M. R. Bell

I. van Bemmel

P. Bennema

M. J. Bentum

G. Bernardi

P. Best

L. Birzan

A. Bonafede

A. J. Boonstra

R. Braun

J. Bregman

F. Breitling

R. H. van de Brink

J. Broderick

P. C. Broekema

W. N. Brouw

M. Brüggen

H. R. Butcher

W. van Cappellen

B. Ciardi

T. Coenen

John Conway

Chalmers, Rymd- och geovetenskap, Onsala rymdobservatorium

A. Coolen

A. Corstanje

S. Damstra

O. Davies

A. T. Deller

R. J. Dettmar

G. van Diepen

K. Dijkstra

P. Donker

A. Doorduin

J. Dromer

M. Drost

A. van Duin

J. Eisloffel

J. van Enst

C. Ferrari

W. Frieswijk

H. Gankema

M. A. Garrett

F. de Gasparin

M. Gerbers

E. de Geus

J. M. Griessmeier

T. Grit

P. Gruppen

J. P. Hamaker

T. Hassall

M. Hoeft

H. A. Holties

A. Horneffer

A. van der Horst

A. van Houwelingen

A. Huijgen

M. Iacobelli

H. Intema

N. Jackson

V. Jelic

A. de Jong

D. kant

A. Karastergiou

A. Koers

H. Kollen

V. I. Kondratiev

E. Kooistra

Y. Koopman

A. Koster

M. Kuniyoshi

M. Kramer

G. Kuper

P. Lambropoulos

C. Law

J. van Leeuwen

J. Lemaitre

M. Loose

P. Maat

G. Macario

S. Markoff

J. Masters

R. A. McFadden

D. McKay-Bukowski

H. Meijering

H. Meulman

M. Mevius

R. Millenaar

J. C. A. Miller-Jones

R. N. Mohan

J. D. Mol

J. Morawietz

R. Morganti

D. D. Mulcahy

E. Mulder

H. Munk

L. Nieuwenhuis

R. van Nieuwpoort

J. E. Noordam

M. Norden

A. Noutsos

A. R. Offringa

Hans Olofsson

Chalmers, Rymd- och geovetenskap, Onsala rymdobservatorium

A. Omar

E. Orru

R. Overeem

H. Paas

M. Pandey-Pommier

V. N. Pandey

R. Pizzo

A. Polatidis

D. Rafferty

S. Rawlings

W. Reich

J. P. de Reijer

J. Reitsma

G. A. Renting

P. Riemers

E. Rol

J. W. Romein

J. Roosjen

M. Ruiter

A. Scaife

K. van der Schaaf

B. Scheers

P. Schellart

A. Schoenmakers

G. Schoonderbeek

M. Serylak

A. Shulevski

J. Sluman

O. Smirnov

C. Sobey

H. Spreeuw

M. Steinmetz

C. G. M. Sterks

H. J. Stiepel

K. Stuurwold

M. Tagger

Y. Tang

C. Tasse

I. Thomas

S. Thoudam

M. C. Toribio

B. van der Tol

O. Usov

M. van Veelen

A. J. van der Veen

S. ter Veen

J. P. W. Verbiest

R. Vermeulen

N. Vermaas

C. Vocks

C. Vogt

M. de Vos

E. van der Wal

R. van Weeren

H. Weggemans

P. Weltevrede

S. White

S. J. Wijnholds

T. Wilhelmsson

O. Wucknitz

S. Yatawatta

P. Zarka

A. Zensus

J. van Zwieten

Astronomy and Astrophysics

0004-6361 (ISSN) 1432-0746 (eISSN)

Vol. 556 August article no. A2- A2

Ämneskategorier

Astronomi, astrofysik och kosmologi

DOI

10.1051/0004-6361/201220873

Mer information

Skapat

2017-10-07