Idépromemoria för hållbar tillväxt i innovationssystemet för godstransport och logistik
Rapport, 2002

When preparing the plan for 2003-07, Swedish Agency for Innovation Systems, Vinnova, asked for Idea-reports that are to propose research questions for economic, social and environmental sustainability in a growth perspective. The present report is one of 41 selected. Logistics and transportation activities are highly integrated in today's industrial activities and they are indispensable for continued prosperity. Accounting for about 5% of GNP within the EU it is also a large service industry in its own right as well as 'customer' to the vehicle manufacturing, energy and infrastructure construction sectors. While creating a lot of utilities, transport and logistics also - through the effectuating activity traffic - account for severe strains upon society in terms of energy consumption, emissions, traffic accidents, noise and congestion. The needed infrastructure also creates environmental strains when being built and in the long run also by barrier effects and excessive land use. Research related to transport and the environment has long been closely related to traffic and has focused on efficient vehicles, renewable energy, emissions, congestion, noise and the like. Logistics research from the perspective of buyers of transport has applied a holistic approach known as supply chain management to freight flows. Logistics research from the perspective of transport operators has developed knowledge about resource utilisation, network operation and intermodal transport. Ties between these different research fields have traditionally been rather weak, mainly because they have fallen under different disciplines at universities. Measures and knowledge gaps identified in this work: 1. Making the description of the innovation system for transport and logistics focussing the different actors' roles and how they can influence sustainable development. What are the roles of individuals and companies and what must be decided upon by society. 2. To create preconditions for decoupling growth of GNP and freight transport. Knowledge is needed about how the sustainability issues are dealt with at an appropriate levels in companies, an analysis in which transdisciplinarity or even multidisciplinarity is required. The goal is to attack the problems at an earlier stage than the exhaust pipe of lorries. 3. To improve the analytical tools in order to base buying decisions on accurate data. The work by NTM is in the right direction but more has to be done. 4. For the business relation transport operator - shipper: analyse the real transport needs (qualitative and quantitative) and use the information in the shippers' ERP systems for communication with the transport operator well in advance. 5. To involve all actors in the society in the knowledge building. 6. Environment and sustainability issues should not be dealt with separately. The effects can be analysed separately but the measures must be developed in a true systems framework and be integrated in the daily logistics operations. 7. Direct organisations' and consumers' involvement in a sustainable direction by improving legal framework, education and tools. 8. Develop knowledge and implement systems for utilising present vehicles and infrastructure more efficiently. 9. To encompass a wider range of external effects in the sustainability analyses.


carbon dioxide


transport demand

environmental effects


Johan Woxenius

Institutionen för transportteknik

Sebastian Bäckström

Institutionen för transportteknik


Produktionsteknik, arbetsvetenskap och ergonomi

Meddelande - Chalmers tekniska högskola, Institutionen för transportteknik: 114

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