On the fate of hydrogen during zirconium oxidation by water: Effect of oxygen dissolution in α-Zr
Artikel i vetenskaplig tidskrift, 2014

Zirconium oxidation by water is accompanied by hydrogen conversion, either H2 is released or hydrogen is picked up by the alloy. Strategies are sought to mitigate the detrimental hydrogen uptake into the metal. The corrosion phenomenon is subdivided into anode and cathode processes caused by electron release upon O2- oxidation at the metal/oxide interface in case of the former and electron-proton recombination resulting in hydrogen pick-up or H2 evolution in case of the latter. In a previous study, the additive dependence of the cathodic hydrogen evolution reaction was analysed. The present study contributes the oxygen concentration dependence of the anode potential, presents the impact of oxygen concentration on the co-absorption of hydrogen and merges the anode and cathode processes. The computational model is validated by semi-quantitatively reproducing the experimental solubility limit for oxygen in α-Zr. The impact of the emerging conceptual understanding for material development is discussed.

density functional theory

water induced

zirconium

corrosion

cladding

hydrogen evolution reaction

modeling

solubility limit

anode process

oxygen solubility

hydrogen co-absorption

ZrO2 dissolution

hydrogen pick-up

Författare

Mikaela Lindgren

Chalmers, Kemi- och bioteknik, Oorganisk miljökemi

Itai Panas

Chalmers, Kemi- och bioteknik, Oorganisk miljökemi

RSC Advances

2046-2069 (ISSN)

Vol. 4 22 11050-11058

Drivkrafter

Hållbar utveckling

Styrkeområden

Energi

Materialvetenskap

Ämneskategorier

Kemiska processer

Materialkemi

Teoretisk kemi

Nanoteknik

Korrosionsteknik

Den kondenserade materiens fysik

DOI

10.1039/c4ra00020j