Cluster-based reduced-order modelling of a mixing layer
Artikel i vetenskaplig tidskrift, 2014

We propose a novel cluster-based reduced-order modelling (CROM) strategy for unsteady flows. CROM combines the cluster analysis pioneered in Gunzburger’s group (Burkardt, Gunzburger & Lee, Comput. Meth. Appl. Mech. Engng, vol. 196, 2006a, pp. 337–355) and transition matrix models introduced in fluid dynamics in Eckhardt’s group (Schneider, Eckhardt & Vollmer, Phys. Rev. E, vol. 75, 2007, art. 066313). CROM constitutes a potential alternative to POD models and generalises the Ulam–Galerkin method classically used in dynamical systems to determine a finite-rank approximation of the Perron–Frobenius operator. The proposed strategy processes a time-resolved sequence of flow snapshots in two steps. First, the snapshot data are clustered into a small number of representative states, called centroids, in the state space. These centroids partition the state space in complementary non-overlapping regions (centroidal Voronoi cells). Departing from the standard algorithm, the probabilities of the clusters are determined, and the states are sorted by analysis of the transition matrix. Second, the transitions between the states are dynamically modelled using a Markov process. Physical mechanisms are then distilled by a refined analysis of the Markov process, e.g. using finite-time Lyapunov exponent (FTLE) and entropic methods. This CROM framework is applied to the Lorenz attractor (as illustrative example), to velocity fields of the spatially evolving incompressible mixing layer and the three-dimensional turbulent wake of a bluff body. For these examples, CROM is shown to identify non-trivial quasi-attractors and transition processes in an unsupervised manner. CROM has numerous potential applications for the systematic identification of physical mechanisms of complex dynamics, for comparison of flow evolution models, for the identification of precursors to desirable and undesirable events, and for flow control applications exploiting nonlinear actuation dynamics.

low-dimensional models

nonlinear dynamical systems

shear layers


Eurika Kaiser

Universite de Poitiers

Bernd R. Noack

Universite de Poitiers

Laurent Cordier

Universite de Poitiers

Andreas Spohn

Universite de Poitiers

Marc Segond

Ambrosys GmbH

Marcus Abel

Institut National Polytechnique de Lorraine

Universität Potsdam

Ambrosys GmbH

Guillaume Daviller


Jan Östh

Chalmers, Tillämpad mekanik, Strömningslära

Sinisa Krajnovic

Chalmers, Tillämpad mekanik, Strömningslära

Robert K. Niven

University of New South Wales (UNSW) Australia

Journal of Fluid Mechanics

0022-1120 (ISSN) 1469-7645 (eISSN)

Vol. 754 365-414



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