Comparing and validating models of driver steering behaviour in collision avoidance and vehicle stabilisation
Artikel i vetenskaplig tidskrift, 2014

A number of driver models were fitted to a large data set of human truck driving, from a simulated near-crash, low-friction scenario, yielding two main insights: steering to avoid a collision was best described as an open-loop manoeuvre of predetermined duration, but with situation-adapted amplitude, and subsequent vehicle stabilisation could to a large extent be accounted for by a simple yaw rate nulling control law. These two phenomena, which could be hypothesised to generalise to passenger car driving, were found to determine the ability of four driver models adopted from the literature to fit the human data. Based on the obtained results, it is argued that the concept of internal vehicle models may be less valuable when modelling driver behaviour in non-routine situations such as near-crashes, where behaviour may be better described as direct responses to salient perceptual cues. Some methodological issues in comparing and validating driver models are also discussed.


driving experience

low friction

driver models

collision avoidance

electronic stability control


Gustav M Markkula

Chalmers, Tillämpad mekanik, Fordonsteknik och autonoma system

Ola Benderius

Chalmers, Tillämpad mekanik, Fordonsteknik och autonoma system

Mattias Wahde

Chalmers, Tillämpad mekanik, Fordonsteknik och autonoma system

Vehicle System Dynamics

0042-3114 (ISSN) 1744-5159 (eISSN)

Vol. 52 12 1658-1680







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