Redistribution of alloying elements in Zircaloy-2 after in-reactor exposure
Artikel i vetenskaplig tidskrift, 2014
An atom probe tomography study of the microstructure of a Zircaloy-2 material subjected to 9 annual cycles of BWR exposure has been conducted. Upon dissolution of secondary phase particles, Fe and Cr are seen to reprecipitate in large numbers of clusters and particles of 1-5 nm sizes throughout the Zr metal matrix. Fe and Sn were observed to segregate to ring-shaped features in the metal that are interpreted to be
-component vacancy loops. This implies that these two elements play a major role in the irradiation growth phenomenon in Zr alloys, which is believed to be caused by the formation of
-loops. Similarly to autoclave-corroded Zr alloys, the formation of a sub-oxide layer of approximate composition ZrO was observed. On the other hand, no oxygen saturated metal phase was detected underneath the oxide scale.