Suppression of Clutter in Multichannel SAR GMTI
Artikel i vetenskaplig tidskrift, 2014

In this paper, the results of moving-target detection in multichannel UHF-band synthetic aperture radar (SAR) data are shown. The clutter suppression is done using finite-impulse response (FIR) filtering of multichannel SAR in combination with a two-stage fast-backprojection algorithm to focus the moving target using relative speed. The FIR filter coefficients are chosen with the use of space-time adaptive processing filtering. Two parameters are used for target focusing, target speed in range and in azimuth. When the target is focused, both speed parameters of the target are found. In the experimental results, two channels were used in order to suppress clutter. In the resulting SAR images, it is obvious that very strong scatterers and the forest areas have been suppressed in comparison to the moving target in the image scene. The gain obtained can be measured using signal-to-clutterand- noise-ratio gain, which is about 19 dB. Another way to measure the signal processing gain is the ability to suppress the strongest reflecting object in the SAR scene. The gain of the target in relation to this object is 25 dB. This shows that using UHF-band SAR ground moving target indication (GMTI) for suppressing forest and increasing the target signal can work.

space-time adaptive processing (STAP)


synthetic aperture radar (SAR

multiple-input multiple-output (MIMO) radar

moving targets


Clutter suppression


T.K. Sjögren

V.T. Vu

M.I. Pettersson

F. Wang

D.J.G. Murdin

A. Gustavsson

Lars Ulander

Chalmers, Rymd- och geovetenskap, Radarfjärranalys

IEEE Transactions on Geoscience and Remote Sensing

0196-2892 (ISSN)

Vol. 52 7 4005-4013



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