Correlation between crack length and load drop for low-cycle fatigue crack growth in Ti-6242
Artikel i vetenskaplig tidskrift, 2015
Abstract For low-cycle fatigue tests with smooth bars the number of cycles to initiation is commonly defined from a measured relative drop in maximum load. This criterion cannot be directly related to the crack length, which is the actual measure of interest. In order to establish a relation between load drop and crack length for the high strength titanium alloy Ti-6242, this investigation compares data from controlled low-cycle fatigue crack growth tests and numerical simulations of these tests. To achieve sufficient accuracy in this relation, focus is given to modelling of mean stress relaxation. Three constitutive models, the Chaboche, the Ohno-Wang and the Chaboche with threshold, are evaluated with respect to experiments. Furthermore, a straightforward method with cycle-scaling of the material parameters are used to efficiently reduce calculation cost. It is shown that it is possible to determine the relationship between load drop and crack length from numerical simulations, provided that care is taken to relevant aspects of the materials stress-strain response. These results are also used to numerically evaluate the effect on load drop of the extensometer position relative to the crack.
Mean stress relaxation
Cyclic plasticity models
Low-cycle fatigue crack growth
Finite element method