The performance of concrete exposed to marine environments: Predictive modelling and use of laboratory/on site test methods
Artikel i vetenskaplig tidskrift, 2015

This paper reports an approach by which laboratory based testing and numerical modelling can be combined to predict the long term performance of a range of concretes exposed to marine environments. Firstly, a critical review of the test methods for assessing the chloride penetration resistance of concrete is given. The repeatability of the different test results is also included. In addition to the test methods, a numerical simulation model is used to explore the test data further to obtain long-term chloride ingress trends. The combined use of testing and modelling is validated with the help of long-term chloride ingress data from a North Sea exposure site. In summary, the paper outlines a methodology for determining the long term performance of concrete in marine environments. (C) 2015 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

Chloride ingress

Charge passed

migration test

Electrical resistivity

Permit ion migration test

Performance-based specification



Performance testing

chloride diffusion-coefficients

Materials Science

Concrete testing

Chloride diffusivity

Chloride modelling


Construction & Building Technology


S. V. Nanukuttan

Queen's University Belfast

P. A. M. Basheer

University of Leeds

W. J. McCarter

Heriot-Watt University, Edinburgh

Luping Tang

Chalmers, Bygg- och miljöteknik, Byggnadsteknologi

N. Holmes

Dublin Institute of Technology

T. M. Chrisp

Heriot-Watt University, Edinburgh

G. Starrs

Heriot-Watt University, Edinburgh

B. Magee

Ulster University

Construction and Building Materials

0950-0618 (ISSN)

Vol. 93 831-840