Formation and Control of NOx and SOx in Pressurized Oxy-Combustion Systems
Konferensbidrag (offentliggjort, men ej förlagsutgivet), 2015
The formation and control of NOx and SOx in pressurized oxy-fuel combustion systems is discussed in the present work. The chemistry of nitrogen and sulfur species under pressurized conditions and the experiences gained from operating atmospheric oxy-fuel combustion pilot plants are reviewed in brief. In a conventional combustion and gas cleaning process, SO2 and NO are the principle NOx and SOx species. However, the oxidation of NO to NO2 and SO2 to SO3 is favored by low temperature and high pressure. In the present paper we will make a first modelling based of the altered oxidation conditions during both high and low temperature conditions in pressurized oxy-combustion. Besides the gas-phase oxidation, the liquid-phase N-S interactions will further enhance the formation of acids in the flue gas condensate. Thus, these low and high temperature processes will be discussed in the present work due to their relevance for the design of the flue gas compression and gas cleaning system in pressurized oxy-combustion.