Improved Estimation of Human Lipoprotein Kinetics with Mixed Effects Models
Artikel i vetenskaplig tidskrift, 2015

Mathematical models may help the analysis of biological systems by providing estimates of otherwise un-measurable quantities such as concentrations and fluxes. The variability in such systems makes it difficult to translate individual characteristics to group behavior. Mixed effects models offer a tool to simultaneously assess individual and population behavior from experimental data. Lipoproteins and plasma lipids are key mediators for cardiovascular disease in metabolic disorders such as diabetes mellitus type 2. By the use of mathematical models and tracer experiments fluxes and production rates of lipoproteins may be estimated. We developed a mixed effects model to study lipoprotein kinetics in a data set of 15 healthy individuals and 15 patients with type 2 diabetes. We compare the traditional and the mixed effects approach in terms of group estimates at various sample and data set sizes. We conclude that the mixed effects approach provided better estimates using the full data set as well as with both sparse and truncated data sets. Sample size estimates showed that to compare lipoprotein secretion the mixed effects approach needed almost half the sample size as the traditional method.

Författare

Martin Berglund

Chalmers, Matematiska vetenskaper, Matematik

Göteborgs universitet

Martin Adiels

Göteborgs universitet

Chalmers, Matematiska vetenskaper, Matematik

M. R. Taskinen

Jan Borén

Göteborgs universitet

Bernt Wennberg

Göteborgs universitet

Chalmers, Matematiska vetenskaper, Matematik

PLoS ONE

1932-6203 (ISSN)

Vol. 10 artikel nr e0138538- e0138538

Ämneskategorier

Matematik

DOI

10.1371/journal.pone.0138538