Kinetic Regimes in Ethylene Hydrogenation over Transition-Metal Surfaces
Artikel i vetenskaplig tidskrift, 2016

A first-principles microkinetic model has been developed and applied to ethylene hydrogenation over close-packed transition-metal surfaces of Ru, Rh, Pd, Os, Ir, and Pt. The model is based on density functional theory calculations, which have been used to determine the activation energies of the elementary steps of the reaction according to the Horuiti-Polanyi mechanism. A sensitivity analysis of the activity with respect to the kinetic parameters reveals distinctly different kinetic regimes across the periodic table. For Ru and Ir, the activity is controlled by the activation energy for ethylene to ethyl hydrogenation, whereas the other metals also have a sensitivity to the second hydrogenation step. The analysis shows, furthermore, that the activity could be enhanced considerably with minor reductions of the hydrogenation barriers.

hydrogenation

DFT

ethylene

microkinetic modeling

transition metals

Författare

Christopher Heard

Kompetenscentrum katalys (KCK)

Chalmers, Fysik, Kemisk fysik

Hu Chaoquan

Kompetenscentrum katalys (KCK)

Chalmers, Kemi och kemiteknik, Kemiteknik, Kemisk reaktionsteknik

Magnus Skoglundh

Chalmers, Kemi och kemiteknik, Tillämpad kemi, Teknisk ytkemi

Kompetenscentrum katalys (KCK)

Derek Creaser

Chalmers, Kemi och kemiteknik, Kemiteknik, Kemisk reaktionsteknik

Kompetenscentrum katalys (KCK)

Henrik Grönbeck

Kompetenscentrum katalys (KCK)

Chalmers, Fysik, Kemisk fysik

ACS Catalysis

2155-5435 (eISSN)

Vol. 6 3277-3286

Styrkeområden

Transport

Ämneskategorier

Kemiteknik

Teoretisk kemi

DOI

10.1021/acscatal.5b02708